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Table 3 Outcome data summary

From: Are we failing young people not in employment, education or training (NEETs)? A systematic review and meta-analysis of re-engagement interventions

ID Authors Outcomes measured Effect size (d) Mean difference (SE) Comment
1 Alzua, Cruces, & Lopez-Erazo [30] Employment status .154 .113 (.049)  
Receipt of welfare (F) −.056 (.002) Female only
Credit standing .524 (.813) Sum of post treatment
N credit enquiries .900 (.342) Sum of post treatment
2 Attanasio, Kugler, & Meghir [29] Employment status (F) .066 .054 (.022)  
Employment status (M) −.032 −.027 (.030)  
Earnings (F) .085 34668 (9743) Columbian pesos
Earnings (M) .028 13690 (12819) Columbian pesos
3 Bloom, Orr, Cave, Bell, & Doolittle [33] Employment status (F) 2.8%  
Employment status (M) 1.5%  
Earnings (F) −182 $USD
Earnings (M) −854 $USD
Achieved HSD or GED (F) 5.8%  
Achieved HSD or GED (M) 6.0%  
4 Borland, Tseng, & Wilkins [31] Employment status .03 No SE reported. 2-year follow-up.
N days income support 18 3-year follow-up
Receipt of welfare 267.2 $AUD; 3-year follow-up
DEEWR expenditure 194.1 2-year follow-up
Health −.09 2-year follow-up; self reported
Wellbeing −.13 2-year follow-up; self reported
Community activities −.09 2-year follow-up; self reported
Housing −.05 2-year follow-up; self reported
5 Borland, & Tseng [34] Receipt of welfare −2.8 12-month follow-up; percentage chance in participants only (no control data)
6 Card, Ibarrarán, Regalia, Rosas-Shady, & Soares [35] Employment status .040 4.0% (3.9)  
Earnings .061 446 (284) Dominican peso
7 Cave, Bos, Doolittle & Toussaint [28] Employment status .4% Ever employed; 4-year follow-up totals:
Earnings 214 $USD
Receipt of welfare −775 $USD
Receipt of education 365.15 Hours in education
Receipt of qualification 13.4%  
Pregnancy −4.9%  
Criminal activity −.3%  
8 Chen [36] Employment status .037 −.038 (.01)  
Earnings(weekly) .047 22.19 (4.65)  
Receipt of welfare −.021 −84.29 (38.27)  
9 Creed, Machin, & Hicks [37] Self-esteem .486 1.99 (4.14)  
Psyc. distress −.348 −1.93 (5.45)  
10 Creed, Machin, & Hicks [38] Self-esteem 1.08 3.51 (3.05)  
Psyc. distress −1.43 −6.62 (4.25)  
11 Donovan, Oddy, Pardoe, & Ades [39] Health status −2.68 (.92) Adjusted for T1 and gender
12 Stafford [40] Health status Cohort measured varied therefore comparison not possible
13 Mounsey [41] NEET status:    Estimates using nearest neighbour matching
YTS1 (M) −.289 (.264)  
YTS1 (F) −.122 (.201)  
YTS2 (M) −.354 (.111)  
YTS2 (F) −.370 (.120)  
YT (M) .167 (.267)  
YT (F) .125 (.249)  
Expected earnings 7.6%  
reservation wages 8.6%  
14 Nafilyan, & Speckesser [42] NEET status −11.01 No SE presented
15 Schochet, McConnell, & Burghardt [43] Employment status   2.9% 6.5-year follow-up
Earnings 84 5.5-year follow-up; average earnings by quarter; $USD
16 Schochet, Burghardt, & Glazerman [44] Employment status 3% 4-year follow-up
Earnings 18.1 Average weekly earnings
Receipt of welfare −80.1 $USD
Receipt of education 20.8% Ever enrolled
Health status 2.3% Self-reported excellent
Criminal activity −3.8% Ever arrested or charged
17 Tanner, Purdon, D’Souza, & Finch [32] Education and employment 13.1%  
Confidence 3.5% Self report
Independence .6% Self report
18 Grace & Gill [45] Earnings .025 1200 $AUD; 24-month follow-up
Welfare receipt .034 172 $AUD; 24-month follow-up
Housing .08 0.3 Stability: n of moves.